As per James Clear, in Atomic Habits, referring an article published in the New Yorker:
“Japanese firms emphasized what came to be known as ‘lean production’, relentlessly looking to remove waste of all kinds from the production process, down to redesigning workspaces, so workers didn’t have to waste time twisting and turning to reach their tools. The result was that Japanese factories were more efficient and Japanese products were more liable than American ones. In 1974, service calls for American-made color televisions were five times as common as for Japanese televisions. By 1979, it took American workers three times as long to assemble their sets.”
Americans had to learn Lean in order to compete. Shouldn’t we learn Lean?